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FAQ

FAQ

Breast Reconstruction

What is Breast Reconstruction?
What is an immediate reconstruction, and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
What is delayed reconstruction, and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
What types of breast reconstruction are there?
What is an autologous flap reconstruction, and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
What types of flap reconstruction options are there?
What is a Latissimus Dorsi Flap, and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
What is the scarring after a Latissimus dorsi flap?
How long does it take to recover from a Latissimus Dorsi flap?
What is a Transverse Rectus Abdominus Myocutaneous (TRAM) flap, and what are the advantages and disadvantages of this type of flap?
What is the recovery time for a TRAM flap?
What is a Deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flap, and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
What is a stacked DIEP flap?
What is the scarring after a DIEP flap?
What is the recovery time for a DIEP flap reconstruction?
What is an SGAP or IGAP flap?
What is a stacked GAP flap?
What is a TUG or TMG flap?
What is complete autologous fat grafting (AFG) reconstruction, and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
What is the BRAVA system, and how does it work?
What is an implant-based reconstruction, and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
What breast implant options are available in the implant-based reconstruction?
What is a Tissue expander?
What are the risks associated with breast implants?
What type of tissue expanders are available?
What is the recovery period for a breast implant-based reconstruction?
What is the difference between pre-pectoral and sub-pectoral breast implant reconstruction?
What is subpectoral breast implant reconstruction?
What is a pre-pectoral breast implant reconstruction?
Do I need to continue to self-examine my breasts after my surgery?
Do I have to undertake regular breast screening of my non-reconstructed breast?

Breast Cancer

What is an immediate reconstruction, and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
What is Breast Cancer?
What are the types of breast cancer?
What are the surgical options to treat breast cancer?
What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
What are the causes of breast cancer?
How is breast cancer diagnosed?
How will the doctor decide the treatment for the cancer?
What is staging and grading?
What type of treatment is available?
What types of radiation therapy is available?
What is breast-conserving surgery?
What is a mastectomy?
What are the side effects of chemotherapy?
What are the side effects of radiotherapy?
I am having chemotherapy and my periods have stopped, is this normal?
Can childbirth reduce the risk of breast cancer?
Can Breast feeding reduce my risk of breast cancer?

Reference List

1. American Cancer Society. Breast Cancer Detection and Diagnosis [Online] 2020. https://www.cancer.org/content/dam/CRC/PDF/Public/8579.00.pdf.
2. American Cancer Society. Breast Cancer Facts & Figures 2020. American Cancer Society. [Online] https://www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-cancer.html.Accessed August 2020.
3. Breast Cancer org. Breast cancer risk factors: Alcohol. Breast Cancer org. [Online] https://www.breastcancer.org/risk/factors/alcohol Accessed August 2020.
4. breast cancer org. breast cancer risk factors: Smoking. [Online] https://www.breastcancer.org/risk/factors/smoking. Accessed August 2020.
5. Pregnancy and the risk of breast cancer. Britt K, Ashworth A, Smalley M. 4, 2007, Endocrine-Related Cancer, Vol. 14, pp. 907-933.
6. Epidemiological characteristics of and risk factors for breast cancer in the world. . Momenimovahed, Zohre & Salehiniya, Hamid. 2019, Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy, Vol. 11, pp. 151-164.
7. Breast Cancer org. Breast Cancer Risk factors in Pregnancy and breastfeeding. Breast Cancer org. [Online] https://www.breastcancer.org/risk/factors/pregnancy_hist. Accessed August 2020.
8. Nice.org.uk. Nice.org.uk. . Overview | Advanced breast cancer: diagnosis and treatment | Guidance. [Online] 2009. https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/CG81. Accessed August 2020.
9. Mammographic breast density and subsequent risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women according to tumor characteristics. Yaghjyan, L., Colditz, G. A., Collins, L. C., Schnitt, S. J., Rosner, B., Vachon, C., & Tamimi, R. M. 15, 2011, J Natl Cancer Inst, Vol. 103, pp. 1179-89,
10. Modified Lower Pole Autologous Dermal Sling for Implant Reconstruction in Women Undergoing Immediate Breast Reconstruction after Mastectomy. Roy, P.G. 2016, International Journal of Breast Cancer, pp. 1-7.
11. Body Mass Index and Breast Cancer Risk According to Postmenopausal Estrogen-Progestin Use and Hormone Receptor Status. Munsell MF, Sprague BL, Berry DA, Chisholm G, Trentham-Dietz A. 1, 2014, Epidemiologic Reviews ., Vol. 36, pp. 114-136.
12. Janis, J.E. Essentials of plastic surgery. s.l. : Johanneshov: Mtm, 2018.
13. Institute, National Cancer. Dense Breast Screening. National Cancer Institute. [Online] https://www.cancer.gov/news-events/cancer-currents-blog/2015/dense-breasts-screening. Accessed August 2020.
14. Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, Miller D, Brest A, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2017, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD,. National Cancer Institute. [Online] 2019. https://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2017/, Accessed August 2020.
15. Henk Giele and Cassell, O. Plastic, and reconstructive surgery. s.l. :. Oxford: Oxford University Press., 2016.
16. National Breast Cancer Foundation. Breast Cancer FAQ. National Breast Cancer Foundation. [Online] https://www.nationalbreastcancer.org/breast-cancer-faqs/can-a-healthy-diet-help-to-prevent-breast-cancer/. Accessed August 2020.
17. Farhadieh, R.D., Bulstrode, N. and Cugno, S. Plastic, and reconstructive surgery : approach and techniques. [ed.] Nj: Hoboken. Chichester, West Sussex ; John Wiley & Sons Inc., (2015).
19. .Menarche, menopause, and breast cancer risk: individual participant meta-analysis, including 118 964 women with breast cancer from 117 epidemiological studies. Cancer, Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast. 11, 2020, The Lancet Oncology, Vol. 13, p. 1141.
20. American Cancer Society. Treating Breast Cancer. American Cancer Society. . [Online] 2020. https://www.cancer.org/content/dam/CRC/PDF/Public/8581.00.pdf. Accessed August 2020.
21. McDonald JA, Goyal A, Terry MB. Alcohol Intake and Breast Cancer Risk: Weighing the Overall Evidence. Current breast cancer reports. 3, 2013, Vol. 5.
22. National Cancer Society. Dense Breasts: Answers to Commonly Asked Questions. 7. National Cancer Society. . [Online] https://www.cancer.gov/news-events/cancer-currents-blog/2015/dense-breasts-screening. Accessed August 2020.
23. American Cancer Society. . Breast Cancer Risk and Prevention. American Cancer Society. . [Online] 2020. https://www.cancer.org/content/dam/CRC/PDF/Public/8578.00.pdf. Accessed August 2020.
24. Breast cancer and breastfeeding: collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 47 epidemiological studies in 30 countries, including 50 302 women with breast cancer and 96 973 women without the disease. The Lancet 360(9328). 9328, 2002, The Lancet, Vol. vol 360, pp. 187–195.
25. Cancer Research UK. Treatment options for breast cancer | Cancer Research UK. Cancer researchuk.org. [Online] 2017. Available at: https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/breast-cancer/treatment/treatment-decisions. Accessed August 2020.
26. American Cancer Society. Breast Reconstruction. American Cancer Society. [Online] https://www.cancer.org/content/dam/CRC/PDF/Public/8582.00.pdf. Accessed August 2020.