Bringing back what nature gave but cancer took away
Facing cancer is an overwhelming and challenging journey. Whether you or a loved one are undergoing surgical intervention to cure cancer or to prevent cancer, the surgical options, adjuvant therapies and outcomes can be overwhelming. We understand that breast cancer is life changing; it is a journey you or a loved one did not choose, can plan for or anticipate. We have created this simple guide to help you understand breast cancer a little more and help better prepare for the journey ahead.
What is Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer is a development of abnormal cancerous cells that grow uncontrolled within the breast tissue and develop into a tumor. Although some tumors can be non-cancerous (benign), other tumors, known as malignant tumors, are cancerous. Breast cancer most commonly begins in the cells that line the milk ducts and lobules within the breast, however, in some cases, the cancer cells can invade healthy tissues and make their way into nearby lymph nodes and other parts of the body.
What is the surgical
treatment of breast cancer?
Removal of the tumour and a health margin of tissue around the tumour
Removal of the full breast tissue
Breast Reconstruction Overview
WHAT IS BREAST RECONSTRUCTION?
Breast reconstruction is a procedure to replace lost skin and breast volume which was removed during cancer treatment. Breast reconstruction can replace lost breast volume, reconstruct the nipple, and breast restore symmetry
Reconstruction of the breast is performed at the same time as the mastectomy procedure.
Reconstruction of the breast is performedas a separated procedure, not at the time of the mastectomy procedure.
1 Latissimus dorsa flap: using a flap of tissue from your back muscle to reconstruct the breast
2 Superior gluteal artery perforator flap (SGAP) or inferior gluteal artery perforator flap (IGAP): takes skin and fat from the buttock to reconstruct the breast
3 Transverse myocutaneous gracilis flap (TMG)/Transverse upper gracilis flap (TUG): takes skin, fat and muscle from the thigh.
4 TRAM (Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous) Flap: using skin, tissue and muscle from your abdomen to reconstruct the breast.
MSTRAM (Muscle Sparing Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous) Flap: using just skin, tissue from your abdomen to reconstruct the breast.
DIEP: Deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flap: takes a portion of the lower abdomen including skin and fat (leaving behind the abdomen muscle) to reconstruct the breast
Breast Implant Based Reconstruction
Breast Implant is placed immediately at the time of the mastectomy to reconstruct the breast. The use of an ADM or Dermal sling may be used in addition to provide coverage.
The FLORA tissue expander is placed at the time of the mastectomy to expand the skin. Once expansion is complete the breast implant will be placed in a second procedure.
Other options available
Using liposuction fat is removed from parts of the body and reinjected into the breast.
Can be used to correct minor volume loss after lumpectomy or in addition to flap and breast implant options.
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